Stall Prevention and Recovery

Just remembering!

Nose high Low bank stall

U.S. Department of Transportation
Federal Aviation Administration
Subject: Stall Prevention and Recovery TrainingDate: 11/24/15

Date: 11/24/15
AC No: 120-109A

Initiated by: AFS-200 Change:

This advisory circular (AC) provides guidance for training, testing, and checking pilots to ensure correct responses to impending and full stalls. For air carriers, Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 121 contains the applicable regulatory requirements. Although this AC is directed to part 121 air carriers, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) encourages all air carriers, airplane operators, pilot schools, and training centers to use this guidance for stall prevention training, testing, and checking. This guidance was created for operators of transport category airplanes; however, many of the principles apply to all airplanes. The content was developed based on a review of recommended practices developed by major airplane manufacturers, labor organizations, air carriers, training organizations, simulator manufacturers, and industry representative organizations.

This AC includes the following core principles:
• Reducing angle of attack (AOA) is the most important pilot action in recovering from an impending or full stall.
• Pilot training should emphasize teaching the same recovery technique for impending stalls and full stalls.
• Evaluation criteria for a recovery from an impending stall should not include a predetermined value for altitude loss. Instead, criteria should consider the multitude of external and internal variables that affect the recovery altitude.
• Once the stall recovery procedure is mastered by maneuver-based training, stall prevention training should include realistic scenarios that could be encountered in operational conditions, including impending stalls with the autopilot engaged at high altitudes.
• Full stall training is an instructor-guided, hands-on experience of applying the stall recovery procedure and will allow the pilot to experience the associated flight dynamics from stall onset through the recovery.

This revision of AC 120-109 reflects new part 121 regulatory terms and incorporates the full stall training requirement of Public Law 111-216. Considerable evaluation of the full flight simulator (FFS) must occur before conducting full stall training in simulation. Reference Appendix 5 for FFS evaluation considerations.
John S. Duncan
Director, Flight Standards Service

To download the Advisory Circular…/document.information/documentID/1028646



  1. Loss of flight crew airplane state awareness 


minime2By Laura Victoria Duque Arrubla, a medical doctor with postgraduate studies in Aviation Medicine, Human Factors and Aviation Safety. In the aviation field since 1988, Human Factors instructor since 1994. Follow me on facebook Living Safely with Human Error and twitter@dralaurita. Human Factors information almost every day


One thought on “Stall Prevention and Recovery

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s